Herbs of Crete

by http://greece.creteisland.gr/

This record have some basic information about some of the thousands of herbs and plants found on Crete and is widely used in our daily diet.

The rich food items Cretan flora has always provided the Cretan household the possibility of cheap food. Minoan frescoes seems obvious the special relationship that they had the old Cretans on the nature and origins of, and illustrates many plants which play a very special role in everyday life and worship.

Apart from edible plants, which were the main food for the Minoans, and there were those who were objects of worship. The Cretan sacred trees carry over the centuries a great testimony to the relationship of Crete - Minoans with nature. And it is no coincidence that such sacred trees, which play a role in the popular cult are still tens of Crete.

In later years, the greens and vegetables were the main food of poor farmers and land. Other consumed raw, such as located in the fields, and other boiled or cooked in various ways. We do not know exactly how the greens cooked the ancient Cretans.

In other areas of Greek herbs and vegetables were considered inferior food, probably because they consumed in abundance.
The chrisimopoiountai raw herbs for salad production in Crete are: Stamnagathi (Cichorium Spinosun).
Medicines for all, as we are informed by Dioscorides, enjoy high-justifiably-assessment in Crete. Collect and eaten with oil and vinegar. The plant is stamnagathi thorny bush, but the thorns are not so sharp as to render difficult the collection of small edible green leaf.

The name is an old habit of Crete: In the bush these concealed openings of the crock, not to bainoyn mesix water bugs). As with all herbs of Crete, the manufacture of salad depends on local circumstances and the imagination of every housewife. It is rare that stamnagathi chrisimopoieitai anamemeigmeno with wild greens with a little onion (is used in green onions and especially the above ground parts) and dill.

Stamnagathi passed with the popular name in literature: "cries a murderer, and xepatonontas stamnagathi throws ..." (Kazantzakis Odyssey, A722)

It serves as a vegetable in cooking and in medicine since they are considered as a most therapeutic herb. A very important ingredient contained therein is cynarine and has been shown to reduce significantly the levels of cholesterol and triglycerides in our body, as has been shown in university studies that stimulates bile secretion and use in the treatment of liver failure and incomplete digestion . Also many are saying that it serves to arteriosclerosis, rheumatism, and itching of the sluggishness.
Of the plants with widely used either as teas or as medicinal in Crete are:

It is usually the main ingredient for a beverage wonderful aroma and flavor with other natural herbs and both very good health herbs. Collected from May - August. It is beneficial in diseases of the circulatory system of human body in respiratory problems, digestion and keep the full conditions for the strong response of cold and cough. Especially the use of honey (hot drinks) is the perfect remedy for sore throats.

Chamomile (Marticaria chamomila)
Collected from April to June and dried and used throughout the year. In Crete there is everywhere especially in fallow sites. Characterized as inflammatory, antiallergic, soothing and antiseptic use top quality. Normally consumed as a hot beverage in combination with other Cretan herbs, the perfect combination of relaxation and combating insomnia.

Sage (Salvia fruticosa)
Collected from April to October, is one of the most important herbs of Crete and also the global name of the fully characterized. Salvia comes from the Latin word salvare meaning "save", considering it valuable to the body. Do antiperspirant, against sore throat and headache in the pulmonary diseases, but consider, inter alia, as a diuretic and haemostatic medication. Usually drink a decoction with other important herbs like chamomile.

Dittany (Erontas) Origanum dicatmus
It flowers and collected during the same period from June and October. The herb is perhaps the most erotic, and yet the most dangerous in the collection to grow as cliffs and steep slopes.

You will wonder why it is called "erontas. But of course, because anyone who wanted to show how the girl loves her, offered her dictamo considering it a very bold daring. Use for aromatizing drinks (including wine and liquors) As medicinal herb remedies considered one of the most important one and has the capacity to activate the quick healing of wounds resulting in the patient annarosei quickly. Ideal for stomach pains and sore throat.

Marjoram (Origanum majorana)
Also collects the Summer and feel that is antiseptic, anticonvulsant, and digestive properties

Peppermint (Mentha x piperita)
The bloom is June to August and pick up one time and consider one of the most important herbs. It is indigestion of nervous disorders and insomnia. Aromatic usually used in ice cream, fruit sauces to salads and mainly because the smell is very strong and gives a delicious flavor to the salad.

They are aromatic - medicinal. The flowers are efstomacha. antitussives. softeners spasmolytic, diuretic, expectorant antikatarroika, antipachyntika and efidrotika. It blooms in June - July.

Oregano (Origanum Vulgare)
Do one of the most important herbs of Crete against diarrhea, convulsions of the abdomen, as well as the poison used for toothache.

Daphne (Laurus nobilis)
Many do not know the properties and yet can not appreciate the usefulness of the bushy tree Daphne. Formerly used to strengthen the hair and the decoction used it to spread the States and parts of the body, suffering from rheumatism or muscle contusion. It is very useful for indigestion and for the proper functioning of the stomach.

Rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis)
Previously used as a beverage in headaches as ideal for migraines. It was considered by scientific experts that frequent use is ideal in the baldness of the scalp. It is antibacterial, antiseptic and stimulant much traffic, as well as insomnia

Basil (Ocimum basilicum)
Aromatic plant readily found in many homes even in pots and not among vegetables, and consider as a decorative flower on this special scent which can give any space.

The useful part of this beautiful plant is the flowers that we can collect around the end of August and the aromatic apoxiranoumeChrisimopoieite as a Cretan dishes as well as to flavor oil in combination either alone or with other aromatic herbs also. Relieves migraines, intense headaches from stomatitis, and also calms spasms of the intestines to dizziness to fainting, the gravel and constipation. Previously reduced to a pulp used for soothing effect on the scorpion sting, bee bite, or irritation from nettle.

It kills bacteria, fungi and microbes on surfaces such as drums was also used against diarrhea.

What can we say about this ethereal flower with the intoxicating aroma and blinding beautiful flower. The unique flavor! That is why there is an essential oil of honeysuckle. Usually used by old lovers for skin infections and insomnia.

We all know the almond tree in general and the leaves and bark of the latter is particularly useful since many have characterized as a medicinal plant. Is normally used for baldness, freckles, burns and nausea.

Very useful herb medicine and suggest an anti-depression, exhaustion and insomnia. Do one of the very good tonic of the nervous system through vitamins and containing the so-called "tannin."

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