Catechins are polyphenolic antioxidant plant metabolites. They belong to the family of flavonoids and the subgroup flavan-3-ols (or simply flavanols).
The name of the catechin chemical family derives from catechu which is the juice or boiled extract of Mimosa catechu (Acacia catechu L.f).

Sources of catechins

Catechins constitute about 25% of the dry weight of fresh tea leaf, although total catechin content varies widely depending on clonal variation, growing location, seasonal/ light variation, and altitude. They are present in nearly all teas made from Camellia sinensis, including white tea, green tea, black tea and Oolong tea.

Catechins are also present in the human diet in chocolate, fruits, vegetables and wine and are found in many other plant species.

Epigallocatechin gallate is the most abundant catechin in tea.

Another stereoisomer, (-)-catechin, is released from the roots of the invasive weed, spotted knapweed. It acts as an herbicide to inhibit competition by a wide range of other plant species. This phytotoxic compound inhibits seed germination and growth.

Health benefits of catechins

The health benefits of catechins have been studied extensively in humans and in animal models. Reduction in atherosclerotic plaques was seen in animal models. Reduction in carcinogenesis was seen in vitro.
Many studies on health benefits have been linked to the catechin content. According to Norman Hollenberg, professor of medicine at Harvard Medical School, epicatechin can reduce the risk of four of the major health problems: stroke, heart failure, cancer and diabetes. He studied the Kuna people in Panama, who drink up to 40 cups of cocoa a week, and found that the prevalence of the “big four” is less than 10%. He believes that epicatechin should be considered essential to the diet and thus classed as a vitamin.
According to one researcher epigallocatechin-3-gallate is an antioxidant that helps protect the skin from UV radiation-induced damage and tumor formation.

Antibiotic effects

Green tea catechins have also been shown to possess antibiotic properties due to their role in disrupting a specific stage of the bacterial DNA replication process.

DNA protection

Catechins, when combined with habitual exercise, have been shown to delay some forms of aging. Mice fed catechins showed decreased levels of aging. Oxidative stress was lowered in cell mitochondria, as well as increase in mRNA transcription of mitochondrial-related proteins.

Possible reduced benefits in treated chocolate

An editorial in The Lancet medical journal warned against increasing one’s intake of dark chocolate in order to improve health because the beneficial compounds are sometimes removed due to their bitter taste without an indication on the label. Additionally, such product may also be high in fat, sugar, and calories which can increase the risk for heart disease.

Anti-carcinogenic effects

In 2008 UCLA cancer researchers found that study participants who ate foods containing certain flavonoids seemed to be protected from developing lung cancer. Dr. Zhang, (professor of public health and epidemiology at the UCLA School of Public Health) said the flavonoids that appeared to be the most protective included catechin, found in strawberries and green and black teas; kaempferol, found in Brussels sprouts and apples; and quercetin, found in beans, onions and apples.

MAO effects

Catechin and epicatechin are also selective monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs) of type MAO-B.


Ambré (for men) Baldessarini - perfume with labdanum.

The top notes : mandarin and red apple.

The heart notes : violet, offset by a leather accord.

As the fragrance name suggests, the base is a blend of amber notes, enhanced with oakwood, vanilla and labdanum.


Cistus Incanus the pink flower.

Cistus Incanus from northern Crete products labdanum (alone).

Fanny youtobe video.


The Power of Polyphenols

The other day on Oprah, Dr. Oz spoke to anti-aging, life regeneration, life prolonging, life extension pioneering and the significant value of resveratrol.

Resveratrol is a potent member of the class of natural, plant-derived chemicals known as polyphenols. Diets high in fruits and vegetables containing polyphenols can reduce risk of a variety of health concerns.

The skin of the red grape is particularly rich in polyphenols and one of the ingredients in our anti-aging live longer tonic.

If you google resveratrol in relationship to cancer, diabetes or cardiovascular disease you will find oodles of research demonstrating it's benefits.
Cistus Incanus is one of the richest Polyphenol sources available.


Cistus Incanus - Polyphenol - medicine of cold and flu.

Cistus Incanus is one of the richest Polyphenol sources available. Polyphenols generally have a broad use for our well-being. The best of these is the strongly anti-oxidative effect of these secondary plant materials.They neutralise free radicals and therefore support the body’s-own defense mechanisms. A well functioning immune system is the very best precaution against pathogens (cold and flu viruses and other bacteria and fungi) maintaing health and well being.


Labdanum resin as medicine.

Labdanum resin.

This section is from "The Domestic Encyclopaedia Vol3", by A. F. M. Willich. Amazon: The Domestic Encyclopaedia.

Labdanum, or Ladanum, a resinous juice exuding from the Cistus creticus, L. a native of the Levant, whence it is imported. The best sort (which is extremely rare even in Crete) consists of very dark-coloured, soft masses, and almost liquefies, when held in the hand: it emits an agreeable odour, especially while burning, and has a slightly pungent, bitterish taste. This medicinal drug is chiefly used externally, for attenuating and discussing tumors.

The plant Cistus creticus.


Historical Herbs - Myrrh, Aloes and Reishi

By Dr Warwick D Raymont, PhD, DSc, Grad Dip Sc Tech Comm, MACS, MNYAS, DG, OIA

“In Nature, God has provided a cure for every ailment known to man.”

Unfortunately, however, the rise and fall of ci
vilisations and the many knowledge-destroying events such as the Spanish Inquisition have decimated the amount of Natural Remedies knowledge in the world. It is only in comparatively recent years that some of this knowledge is being recovered – and has been greatly enhanced by the addition of Asian medicines – Chinese and Ayurvedic stand out among these.

In Biblical times, two herbs that stood out among the others were “Myrrh and Aloes” (1). This earliest reference to these wonderful health and healing herbs dates back about five thousand years.

Myrrh - Zistrose, Cistus incanus.

The name “Myrrh” has, in more recent times, been applied to a tropical Asian plant, Commiphora erythraea or mukul, a related East African plant, Commiphora myrrha, and many other species of Commiphora, all which have a fragrant resin but whose use as an incense dates back only to Roman times and are more commonly known as
“False Myrrh” (2). However, contrary to popular belief, this aromatic incense is not the original Biblical Myrrh. The original Myrrh came from the Pink Rockrose or Zistrose, Cistus incanus. Indeed, the original Hebrew of Genesis 37 translates to “Gum of the Cistus”.

This original Myrrh was a valuable spice harvested from the stems of the Rockrose, a resin that was exuded after bruising. Such harvesting must have been extremely labour-intensive, making access to Myrrh something available only to the extremely wealthy. These affluent individuals used the Myrrh in their diet and, as a result, showed remarkably little susceptibility to the plethora of ailments that so affected the general populace.

When the three “Wise Men” of “Kings” attended the newborn Jesus in Bethlehem, they carried with them gifts of Gold, Frankincense and Myrrh. Gold – the most valuable of metals, Frankincense – the most valuable of incenses and Myrrh – the most valuable of spices. This Myrrh was the original Biblical Myrrh, the “Gum of the Cistus” – after all, the Roman Commiphora was simply another aromatic incense, not a spice, and to have given two incenses would have been replication.

Cistus incanus extract stands out in modern medical research for its efficacy as an antioxidant and an anti-viral. Indeed, laboratory testing has shown this herb even to decimate the much-feared H5N1 Bird Flu virus! (3), (4). It is particularly rich in Polyphenols, a family of natural and powerful antioxidants that scavenge free radicals and toxins and free the body’s immune system to care for itself rather than be “overloaded” trying to cope with a cacophony of twenty-first Century pollutants and toxins that build up inevitably in the body of every living human being (5).

Aloe vera

The reference in Genesis mentions also “Aloes”. Aloe vera is also a plant renowned for its healing properties for over 5,000 years of recorded history. Alexander the Great (35-323 BC) used Aloe Vera to soothe and heal his soldiers’ wounds. However, of the 104 known species of Aloe vera, only one stands out as being the richest of all species in active ingredients (mucopolysaccharides and phytonutrients). This is the Aloe vera Barbadensis Miller. The purest, most organically grown of this variety is in a chemically untreated and volcanically rich area of Mexico where a German Company has set up its own huge farm (6). Many other species of Aloe vera contain little or even no active ingredients (7). Indeed, many herbal extracts examined were found to contain little or even no active ingredient whatsoever (7).

There are some US MLM Companies, one in particular (8) that produces tablets based upon the Aloe vera Barbadensis and, through very clever marketing, makes huge profits selling it as Ambrotose® (9), quite correctly claiming that this phytonutrient-rich tablet assists in cell repair and cell regeneration but extending the claims to “inter-cellular communication”
referring its clients to some alleged biochemical pathways published in the “Journal of the South West Medical Institute”, a newly established entity curiously sharing the factory address of this company. Its founder, one Samuel L Kaster has quite a questionable past (10).

Of course, the Barbadensis Miller variety, being the richest in phytonutrients, is marketed as a pure drinking gel, a small cup (150mL) of which would probably contain the nutrition of a $240 jar of Mr Kaster’s cleverly marketed Ambrotose®.


The third member of the trilogy of historic herbs is the Reishi Mushroom (Ganodermum lucidum), also known in China as Ling Zhi.

Reishi has been coveted as a life-extender, body balancer and aphrodisiac since the Ming Dynasty (1644-1368BC). It is rich in triterpenes, particularly ganodermic acid; these have multiple medical functions, not the least being the inhibition of histamine release (alleviates allergies and asthma), the stimulation of insulin production by a “lazy” pancreas (assists with managing diabetes) (11) and its anti-oncogenic (anti-cancer) properties (12), (13), (14). It has been recently reported that major Pharmaceutical Companies are currently investigating Reishi with the intention of mimicking some of its anti-cancer ingredients to produce an effective anti-cancer drug (15).

Myrrh, Aloes and Reishi promise humanity a vastly improved and healthier life; it is only in recent times that these have been “rediscovered” and made available to the public.

1. Genesis 37, 25.
2. FAO Document Repository Flavours and Fragrances of Plant Origin, Chapter 9, numerous cited references.
3. Refer to websites:
www.alternative-medicine-software.com/avian_influenza_2.htm www.alibaba.com/manufacturer/14692439/Natural_Tea_Remedy_Against_Avian_Bird_Flu.html
4. Goddard, J “The Survivor’s Guide to Bird Flu: The Complementary Medical Approach”, CMA Publications (2005).
5. Raymont, W D “Anti-oxidants – v – Free Radicals – the Fight against Cancer and Coronary Artery Disease” http://www.stolair.com/professionalpapers/antioxidantsfreeradical.html
6. LR International of Ahlen, Germany www.lrworld.com/lrweb/index.php?id=60 Links.
7. Proceedings of the Conference on Herbal Medicine into the new Millennium, conducted at Southern Cross University, Lismore, NSW 16-18 June, 1999
8. The name Mannatech is cleverly derived from Manna, the food from heaven that fed Moses and the Israelites during their forty years in the wilderness.
9. The name Ambrotose is cleverly derived from the word Ambrosia, the nectar of the gods in Greek classical times.
10. Barron’s Online Monday May 9, 2005 http://online.barrons.com/article_print/SB111542290501327322.html
11. Acta Pharmacol Sin. 2004 Feb; 25(2):191-195
12. Refer to websites:
13. Int J Oncol. 2004 May;24(5):1093-1099
14. Integr Cancer Ther. 2003 Dec;2(4):358-364
15. Channel 10 News, Australia, Friday Feb 02, 2007.

Cistus Incanus Tea from northern Crete.

Cistus Incanus Tea from northern Crete products labdanum.


A polyphenol rich plant extract from Cistus incanus exerts a potent anti-influenza activity against avian and human influenza subtypes.

Infections with influenza A viruses still pose a major threat to humans and several animal species. The occurrence of highly pathogenic avian influenza viruses of the H5N1 subtype capable to infect and kill humans highlights the urgent need for new and efficient countermeasures against this viral disease. Here we demonstrate that a polyphenol rich extract (CYSTUS052) from the Mediterranean plant Cistus incanus exerts a potent anti-influenza virus activity in A549 or MDCK cell cultures infected with prototype avian and human influenza strains of different subtypes. CYSTUS052 treatment resulted in a reduction of progeny virus titers of up to two logs. At the effective dose of 50 microg/ml the extract did not exhibit apparent harming effects on cell viability, metabolism or proliferation, which is consistent with the fact that these plant extracts are already used in traditional medicine in southern Europe for centuries without any reported complications. Viruses did not develop resistance to CYSTUS052 when compared to amantadine that resulted in the generation of resistant variants after only a few passages. On a molecular basis the protective effect of CYSTUS052 appears to be mainly due to binding of the polymeric polyphenol components of the extract to the virus surface, thereby inhibiting binding of the hemagglutinin to cellular receptors. Thus, a local application of CYSTUS052 at the viral entry routes may be a promising approach that may help to protect from influenza virus infections.


A message in ocean of internet.

I write, I write on my blog … for swine flu, polyphenols and Cistus Incanus.

The flu has become nightmare for the all world.

First the bird flu.

Now swine flu.

That it exists in internet for Cistus Incanus, it is from other regions of Greece (Chalkidiki, Gianena .....) THAT THEY DO NOT PRODUCE the LAUDANUM.


Photo from northern Crete and now that is summertime.

Cistus Incanus shines!!!! It more a lot has force?
It is very simple I cut Cistus Incanus but exists one month still summertime.
You are doctor?
You are bloger?
You are journalist?

You can help !!!!!!!!!!!!
Read and Send the message!!!!


Polyphenol antioxidant

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Molecular structure of apigenin, a polyphenol antioxidant
A polyphenol antioxidant is a type of antioxidant containing a polyphenolic substructure. In human health these compounds, numbering over 4,000 distinct species, are thought to be instrumental in combating oxidative stress, a process associated with some neurodegenerative diseases and some cardiovascular diseases.

Sources of polyphenol antioxidants
The main source of polyphenol antioxidants is nutritional, since they are found in a wide array of phytonutrient-bearing foods. For example, most legumes; fruits such as apples, blackberries, blueberries, cantaloupe, cherries, cranberries, grapes, pears, plums, raspberries, and strawberries; and vegetables such as broccoli, cabbage, celery, onion and parsley are rich in polyphenol antioxidants. Red wine, chocolate, green tea, coffee, olive oil, bee pollen (honey) and many grains are alternative sources. The principal benefit of ingestion of antioxidants seems to stem from the consumption of a wide array of phytonutrients; correspondingly, the role of dietary supplements as a method of realizing these health benefits is the subject of considerable discussion.

Blackberries are a source of polyphenol antioxidants
Biochemical regulationThe regulation chemistry consists of a polyphenol antioxidant’s ability to scavenge free radicals and up-regulate certain metal chelation reactions. That is to say various reactive oxygen species must be continually removed from cells to maintain healthy metabolic function. Some specific free radicals affected are the reactive oxygen species singlet oxygen, peroxynitrite and hydrogen peroxide. Diminishing the concentrations of reactive oxygen species can have several benefits. Since reactive oxygen species are linked to mobilization of ion transport systems, they are known to have roles in redox signaling. In particular, platelets involved in wound repair and blood homeostasis can release reactive oxygen species to recruit platelets to sites of injury. These also provide a link to the adaptive immune system via the recruitment of leukocytes. When polyphenols down-regulate reactive oxygen species formation, they also contribute to improved endothelial health through anti-inflammatory action.

Biological consequences

A macrophage stretching its arms to engulf two particles. Reactive oxygen species promote oxidized LDL and polyphenol antioxidants combat this inflammatory response.
Occurrence of an abundance of polyphenol antioxidants is associated with several salutary effects in higher animal species
Reduction in inflammatory effects such as coronary artery disease including specific medical research into the pathways of improved endothelial health via downregulation of oxidative LDL.
More generally the tea polyphenol (medically known as TP) antioxidant epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG), has been shown to reduce reactive oxygen species levels in vivo. Reactive oxygen species are important markers for inflammatory diseases.
Some polyphenol antioxidants, such as resveratrol, inhibit occurrence and/or growth of mammalian tumors.
A variety of other beneficial health effects have been attributed to consumption of foods rich in polyphenolic antioxidants. Among these salutary effects discussed are anti-aging consequences such as slowing the process of skin wrinkling.For some of the side-benefits (such as prevention of peripheral artery disease), further research is continuing to clarify the role polyphenol antioxidants may have.

Difficulty in analyzing effects of specific chemicals

Grapes contain certain polyphenol antioxidant compounds.

It is difficult to evaluate the medical effects of specific polyphenolic antioxidants, since such a large number of individual compounds may occur even in a single food. For example, over sixty different chemically distinct flavonoids are known to occur in a given red wine. Numerous scientific studies have been conducted to attempt to arrive at one consistent index for food antioxidant power. Since it has been proved that the dietary intake of compounds having antioxidant activity is medically important, various chemical, biological, and electrochemical methods have been proposed to evaluate the antioxidant power of compounds such as polyphenols. Wine, although nonessential, has a high polyphenol content up to two to three grams per liter in red wines obtained by traditional maceration. The polyphenol content of wines is usually evaluated by the Folin-Ciocalteu reagent, which provides an appropriate response to the requirements of wine manufacturers. Statistical least squares analysis has been conducted to demonstrate the Folin method correlates well with alternative chemical and biological procedures for determining antioxidant potential.Therefore, there is some reason to believe more universally accepted protocols may be forthcoming to permit quantitative evaluation of antioxidant strength of polyphenol antioxidant compounds.

Other more detailed chemical research has been conducted elucidating the difficulty of isolating individual polyphenolic antioxidants. Fajardo-Lirai et al. have demonstrated that significant variation in polyphenol content among various brands of tea can explain the inconsistency in previous epidemiological studies that have tried to correlate beneficial health effects of polyphenol antioxidants using specific green tea blends. The Oxygen Radical Absorbance Capacity (ORAC) test is a possible emerging standard by which science measures antioxidant power in foods and dietary supplements
Practical aspects of dietary polyphenol antioxidants

Cocoa is the prime ingredient of chocolate, a source of polyphenol antioxidants.
There is debate regarding the total body absorption of dietary intake of polyphenolic compounds. While individual studies seem to demonstrate the favourable health effects of certain specific polyphenols, more research is needed to understand the interactions between a variety of these chemicals acting in concert within the human body. In particular there is evidence that some combinations of foods may inhibit efficient intestinal transfer of certain polyphenol antioxidants; refined sugars, for example, have been shown to impede this uptake under certain circumstances. Furthermore caution should be exercised in attempting diets depending largely on dietary supplements as opposed to a broad array of food sources, since the quality and concentrations of beneficial chemicals in some commercial products is subject to question.

Topical application of polyphenol antioxidants
There is some data that reactive oxygen species play a role in the process of aging. The skin is exposed to various exogenous sources of oxidative stress, including ultraviolet radiation. These spectral components are generally viewed as responsible for the extrinsic type of skin aging, sometimes termed photo-aging. It has been shown not only that increased levels of protective low molecular weight antioxidants through a diet rich in phytochemicals, but also by direct topical dermal application have proved that a few low molecular weight antioxidants, notably vitamins C and E, as well as lipoic acid, exert protective effects against oxidative stress. However, controlled long-term studies on the efficacy of low molecular weight antioxidants in the prevention or treatment of skin aging in humans are lacking.


The History of Caron Perfumes.

Founded in 1904 by Ernest Daltroff, Parfums Caron has a rich heritage in perfumery and is still considered a true fragrance house, a
distinction very few companies hold. Caron is one of the great Paris houses to still remain entirely devoted to fragrance and one of the last perfume houses to still have an in-house 'nose' (Monsieur Fraysse) - also called a master perfumer. It is the only perfume house that is perfume led, not fashion led.

In 1906, Mr Daltroff was joined by Felicie Vanpouille, a former dressmaker, who would mark her imprint on the company with her whimsical and original bottle design dressed with detailed attention, such as grosgrain and gold braiding.

Joined professionally and personally, their colla
boration would create scents including Narcisse Noir (1911), Bellodgia (1927) and for men Pour Un Homme (1934).

In 1939, Mr Daltroff fled to Am
erica to escape persecution and Felicie officially took over the management of the company until her retirement at the age of 92 in 1962!

World famous Caron perfumes include Fleurs de Rocaille created in 1933 and Fleur de Rocaille recreated in 1993.

In 1998, Mr. Patrick Alès, chairman and owner of Alès Groupe (formerly known as Phyto-Lierac), purchased the venerable house, f
ulfilling a lifelong dream. His unwavering commitment to providing the highest quality cosmetics, ranging from hair care to skincare transcends today to fine fragrances.

Two of the most popular Caron fragrances are Royal Bain De Caron Perfume and Muguet Du Bonheur Perfume.

Lady Caron by Caron is a chypre floral fragrance for women.



By Jennifer Moll,

Definition: Polyphenols are a group of chemicals found in many fruits, vegetables, and other plants, such as berries, walnuts, olives, tea leaves and grapes. They are classified as antioxidants, meaning that they remove free radicals from the body. Free radicals are chemicals that have the potential to cause damage to cells and tissues in the body.

Polyphenols have been found to possess a variety of potential health benefits, including cancer prevention and reducing the risk of getting heart disease. Some studies have also found that polyphenols lower LDL cholesterol, or “bad” cholesterol, in the body.

Definition of Polyphenol.


Polyphenol: A kind of chemical that (at least in theory) may protect against some common health problems and possibly certain effects of aging.

Polyphenols act as antioxidants. They protect cells and body chemicals against damage caused by free radicals, reactive atoms that contribute to tissue damage in the body. For example, when low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol is oxidized, it can become glued to arteries and cause coronary heart disease.

Polyphenols can also block the action of enzymes that cancers need for growth and they can deactivate substances that promote the growth of cancers. The polyphenol most strongly associated with cancer prevention is epigallocatechin-3-gallate, or EGCG.

All tea contains polyphenols. Teas and polyphenols isolated from tea have been shown in the laboratory to act as scavengers of oxygen and nitrogen-free radicals, protecting the fatty membranes of cells, proteins and DNA. However, the results of human studies of tea and polyphenols to date (2001) have been inconsistent and have yet to prove anything one way or the other as regards the value of polyphenols.


EFLA 717

Frutarom Switzerland Ltd.

Bursting with polyphenols, Pink Rock Rose Extract EFLA®717, produced according to GMP and ISO guidelines, offers new opportunities in the market for respiratory affections.

With EFLA 717 Pink Rock Rose Extract, Frutarom has launched the most recent natural health protection product for the respiratory system, the gastrointestinal tract, as well as the skin. The extract is manufactured from Pink Rock Rose (Cistus incanus L.), one of the plants with the highest polyphenol content worldwide, and enhances the body's own cellular protective mechanisms in its combat against environmental burden such as bacteria, viruses or pollutants.

The active ingredients profile of EFLA 717 Pink Rock Rose Extract is rich in polyphenolic compounds such as flavonols, proanthocyanidins and flavan-3-ols. This is also reflected in the quadruple characterization of the extract on polyphenoles, myricetin, quercetin and kaempferol.

Thanks to its spectrum of ingredients, EFLA 717 Pink Rock Rose Extract helps prevent and treat infectious and inflammatory respiratory diseases such as catarrh, bronchitis and common cold. To date, echinacea has dominated this market and enjoyed growing potential. Moreover, EFLA 717 Pink Rock Rose Extract is supportive in treating heartburn, spasms and diarrhea. It mediates a gastroprotective effect and is beneficial in treating acne and neurodermitis.

As a monocompound or in combination with minerals, vitamins or other herbal extracts; and as a form of natural health protection, EFLA 717 Pink Rock Rose Extract offers manufacturers of phytopharmaceutics, dietary supplements and functional foods the possibility to enrich their product range with a new, premium extract in the target markets infection prophylaxis as well as gastrointestinal and skin health.


Cistus Incanus the pink flower.

The history of the Cistus Incanus.

The use of the Cistus Incanus can be traced back to the 4th century BC. In the form of laboriously gained resin – so called ladanum, the plant was brought to Egypt and Sudan. There it developed quickly into a popular cure against bacteria and fungi.

The recorded history of the use of this flowering shrub goes right back to biblical times with a reference in Genesis (Gen 37:25) believed to refer to the resin from the Pink Rockrose as myrrh. Before 400BC Pink Rockrose was recorded as a major export item from Southern Europe including the Middle East where it grows on rocky mountain sides. It’s benefits were reported to include supporting the body’s immune system and treatment and prevention of common colds and influenzas.

During the Middle Ages, the use of this nutritional plant declined into obscurity until quite recently when it leaped into fame. In 1999, it was named the EUROPEAN PLANT OF THE YEAR and has become very widely reported in the media for its nutritional properties and wellness benefits.

The uniqueness of this plant .
The most unique feature of this plant is its richness of polyphenols whose extraordinary abundance in the Pink Rockrose has popularized it as a valuable food supplement used in teas, taken alone and even incorporate in boutique health foods where its age old reputation of supporting the immune system and therefore assisting naturally with reisistance to and recovery from common colds and flu.

Pink Rockrose polyphenols.
Northern Crete.

Today ONLY Cistus Incanus from northern Crete produces the laudanum!!!!
The products that are in the market they are from other parts of Greece and Turkey (they don't produce laudanum)?
Is Cistus Incanus from northern Crete is more strong???

Now It is summer!! - Cistus Incanus produces labdanum. - Cistus Incanus from northern Crete shines.
Cistus Incanus from northern Crete has not been searched!

Sorcery of Scent: Scents in Orthodoxy: Byredo Encens

Sorcery of Scent: Scents in Orthodoxy: Byredo Encens


New Summer Perfume 2009 from Men.

Dolce&Gabbana Light Blue Pour Homme by Dolce&Gabbana.

Burberry Summer for Men by Burberry.

L'eau Par Kenzo by Kenzo.


Eternity By Calvin Klein.

Cool Water By Davidoff.

212 on Ice by Carolina Herrera.

New Perfume Blogs