Wedding Guide


Perfume families.

Floral: These are flower based notes. They are associated with naturalness and smoothness. This is the largest and most popular category which is created mainly from flower based notes, such as jasmine, rose, gardenia, orange blossom and carnation. They are often blended together in order to create a distinctive floral bouquet.

Fougere: Fougere is French word for “Fern”. Fougere fragrances use the fern or forest-like note of oakmoss which is combined with other herbal notes like lavender, and coumarin. Fougere is very popular structure for men’s fragrances.

Chypre: Chypre represents a perfume structure where fresh notes, (mainly Citrus) are combined with the rich woody-animalic characters of Patchouli and Labdanum and Oakmoss. The fresh notes of modern Chypres may be modified or even completely replaced with green or fruity combinations. Many men’s colognes are usually based on the basic Chypre structure. Chypres frequently display a leather character.

Leather: Pungent animal smokiness characteristic of the ingredients used in the tanning process of leathers. Achieved in perfumery with castoreum, labdanum, phenols, and quinolenes.

Woody: An odour which is linked to the aroma of freshly cut dry wood such as Cedarwood Oil, Virginian, Sandalwood or displaying these notes such as of vetiver or Patchouli.

Oriental: Fragrance family or style based on balsamic notes with vanilla, oakmoss and animal notes. Examples are Shalimar, Obsession, Opium, Samsara. Now frequently also applied more generally to perfumes that are heavy, full bodied and tenacious.

Citrus: They are derived from citrus fruits such as Pomello, Bergamot, Grapefruit, Orange, Lemon. This fragrance type projects a sharp, tangy aura. They are naturally refreshing and uplifting. Citrus blends are among the oldest known scents, first worn by men and now popular with women as well.


The scent of Aphrodite.


Jennifer Lopez’s Glow fragrance, credited with igniting the mania for celebrity scents, made sales worth $100 million in 2002; Chanel’s legendary No5 is still among the best-sellers in department stores the world over 89 years after it was launched and Francois Coty, known as the first perfume manufacturer, in 1904 recognised that an attractive bottle was essential to a perfume’s success. High points in the history of a multi-billion dollar industry that now sees around 1,000 new aromas produced every year. Yet real fragrance history was made in 2003 when a team of archaeologists discovered a perfume lab in Cyprus dating from 4,000 years ago.

A group of Italian archaeologists led by Dr Maria Rosaria Belgiorno first uncovered the perfume factory site in 1993.....

All article in site....

The scent of Aphrodite

By Eleni Antoniou Published on January 17, 2010

The 17 essential oil ingredients used to recreate the fragrance that is now available include aromatic herbs such as jasmine, marjoram, cypress and pine tree, rose and labdanum, one of the most important elements of the perfume that was also included in the Chypre de Coty perfume series created by Francois Coty in 1917, and named after Cyprus.


Winter Images from labdanum area.

The leaves of Cistus Creticus are wide and do not produce labdanum.

The summertime, Cistus Creticus has different leaves.

The goats are clean.


The Carnival of Rethymnon 14/2/2010.

The Carnival of Rethymnon

My Group : labdanum-men.

Subject 2010 : Orange of Sises.


Secrets de Rose , Les Parfums de Rosine

Secrets de Rose is a floral-amber rose fragrance inspired by the rare black rose.

The fragrance notes feature bitter orange, plum, rose, saffron, licorice, plum, magnolia, ylang ylang, rose absolute, jasmine, cumin, sandalwood, amber, labdanum, moss and musks.



Flail and CrookOsiris

A symbol of royalty, majesty and dominion.
Symbol of Guardianship.


The symbolism of the crook is similar to that of the stick and its derivatives, namely; power and authority. The royal Egyptian symbol was called heka when it was in the shape of a shepherd's crook, and was when it had the head of a canine animal and a two-pronged base. The triple sceptre was made up of a whip, a staff and stick, representing domination over matter, control of feeling and domination of thought. It is a symbol of the central axis, like the king himself, the intermediary between god and his subjects, a guarantee of peace and justice. The royal symbol of the kings was adopted from the god Osiris and the ancient shepherd deity, Andjeti. It denoted Pharaoh's role as guardian of the People of the Nile. The crook and flail were used in all royal ceremonies and were part of the mortuary regalia of the kings, ensuring the continued welfare of the diseased in the Afterlife.

The flail has long associations with the gods Osiris, Min, and several sacred animals. And like the crook (Sceptre), it was one of the important insignias of royalty. Some scholars believe it to be a whip, maybe derived from a fly whisk. Whilst others think it represents the ladanisterion, an instrument used by very early goatherders. As such, it would symbolise, past traditions and the shepherding aspects of Pharaoh's role as king. The ancient Egyptian name for a flail was nekhakha .



Vitamin C: Do High Doses Prevent Colds?

Photos from my garden.

Charles W. Marshall, Ph.D. (Edited by Stephen Barrett, M.D)

all in site : http://www.quackwatch.org....

Few things have stirred the imagination and hopes of the public in matters of nutrition or vexed nutrition scientists as much as Linus Pauling's 1970 book, Vitamin C and the Common Cold. The book's main claim was that taking 1 gram (1,000 mg) of vitami
n C daily would reduce the incidence of colds by 45% for most people, but that some persons might need much larger amounts. It recommended that if symptoms of a cold do start, you should take 500 or 1,000 mg every hour for several hours -- or 4 to 10 grams daily if symptoms don't disappear with smaller amounts. Without question, publication of this book, combined with Pauling's reputation as a Nobel Prize-winning scientist, has made vitamin C a best seller. When his theory was announced, millions of Americans rushed to try it for themselves. The second edition of the book, issued in 1976 as Vitamin C, the Common Cold and the Flu, suggested even higher dosages .

Vitamin C and the Co
mmon Cold also suggested that most people need a daily vitamin C intake of 2,300 mg or more for "optimum" health and to meet stresses, including infections. In a subsequent book, How to Live Longer and Feel Better, Pauling stated that individual biochemical variability is so great that optimum intake may may be as great as from 250 mg to 20 grams or more per day .

Many concerned persons have wondered whether Pauling's advice was prudent, and millions have experimented upon themselves to see whether they could tell. Pauling himself reportedly took 12,000 mg daily and raised it to 40,000 mg when symptoms of a cold appeared! Pauling apparently adapted to such dosage, but most people would suffer chronic diarrhea and the risk of
kidney stones. Also, the vast majority of reputable medical and nutritional scientists strongly disagree with him. Before looking at the experimental evidence, let's discuss how scientists form their opinions.
How Scientific Facts Are Determined

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